String polynomial converter in Java

The challenge

Your task is to programe:

String convertToString(int[] pol) {....} The method returns given by a parameter, (integer array) which represents a polynomial, the representation of the polynomial in String format. NOTE:

array{a, b, c, d, e,...., z} 0 1 2 3 4 .... n
Code language: PHP (php)

The numbers indicate the grade of the polynomial, where n is a positive integer always. Some examples:

array{0,1,-2,0,5} -> convertToString(array) -> "5x^4-2x^2+x" array{1,1,-2,0,0} -> convertToString(array) -> "-2x^2+x+1" array{} -> convertToString(array) -> "" array{0,0,7,0,0} -> convertToString(array) -> "7x^2" array{1,0,0,0,0} -> convertToString(array) -> "1" array{0,1,-1,0,5,0,0,1} -> convertToString(array) -> "x^7+5x^4-x^2+x"
Code language: PHP (php)

The solution in Java code

Option 1:

import java.util.stream.*; public class Polinomio{ static String convertString(final int[] pol){ final int len = pol.length; if (len==0) return ""; return IntStream.range(0, len) .map( n -> len-1-n ) .filter( n -> pol[n] != 0 ) .mapToObj( n -> ""+pol[n] + ( n == 1 ? "x" : n != 0 ? "x^"+n : "") ) .collect(Collectors.joining("+")) .replaceAll("\\b1(?=x)|\\+(?=-)", ""); } }
Code language: Java (java)

Option 2:

import java.util.*; public class Polinomio{ static String convertString(int[] pol){ List<String> res = new ArrayList<String>(); for(int p=pol.length-1; p>=0; p--) if(pol[p]!=0)res.add((pol[p]<0?'-':res.isEmpty()?"":'+')+(Math.abs(pol[p])==1&&p>0?"":String.valueOf(Math.abs(pol[p])))+(p==0?"":p==1?'x':"x^"+String.valueOf(p))); return String.join("",res); } }
Code language: Java (java)

Option 3:

import java.util.List; import java.util.ArrayList; public class Polinomio { static String convertString(int[] a) { List<String> lst = new ArrayList<>(); for(int i = a.length-1; i >= 0; --i) if(a[i] != 0) lst.add(Integer.toString(a[i]) + (i > 0 ? "x" : "") + (i > 1 ? "^" + Integer.toString(i) : "")); return String.join("+", lst).replaceAll("1(?=x)", "").replaceAll("\\+-", "-"); } }
Code language: Java (java)

Option 4:

public class Polinomio{ static String convertString(int[] pol) { if (pol.length > 0) { StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); StringBuilder temp = new StringBuilder(); sb.append(pol[0] > 0 ? "+" + pol[0] : pol[0] < 0 ? String.valueOf(pol[0]) : ""); sb.reverse(); for (int i = 1; i < pol.length; i++) { if (pol[i] != 0) { if (pol[i] == 1 || pol[i] == -1) { if (i == 1) { sb.append(pol[i] > 0 ? "x+" : "x-"); } else sb.append(pol[i] > 0 ? i + "^x" + "+" : i + "^x" + "-"); } else { sb.append(pol[i] > 0 ? i + "^x" + pol[i] + "+" : i + "^x" + temp.append(pol[i]).reverse()); } } temp.delete(0, temp.length() + 1); } if (sb.reverse().indexOf("+") == 0) { sb.deleteCharAt(0); } return sb.toString(); } return ""; } }
Code language: Java (java)

Test cases to validate our solution

import org.junit.Test; import static org.hamcrest.MatcherAssert.assertThat; import static org.hamcrest.core.Is.is; public class PolinomioShould{ @Test public void basicTests(){ assertThat("error when pol={0,1}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{0,1}), is("x") ); assertThat("error when pol={-1,0}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{-1,0}), is("-1") ); } }
Code language: Java (java)

Additional test cases

import org.junit.Test; import java.util.Random; import java.util.Arrays; import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals; import static org.hamcrest.MatcherAssert.assertThat; import static org.hamcrest.core.Is.is; public class PolinomioShould { @Test public void test4 (){ assertThat("error when pol={}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{}), is("") ); assertThat("error when pol={0,1}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{0,1}), is("x") ); assertThat("error when pol={-1,0}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{-1,0}), is("-1") ); assertThat("error when pol={-1,0,0,0,0,0}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{-1,0,0,0,0,0}), is("-1") ); assertThat("error when pol={-1,1,1}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{-1,1,1}), is("x^2+x-1") ); assertThat("error when pol={3,0,2}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{3,0,2}),is("2x^2+3")); assertThat("error when pol={0,-1,0,0,3}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{0,-1,0,0,3}), is("3x^4-x")); assertThat("error when pol={0,1,-2,4,0,0,-1,1}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{0,1,-2,4,0,0,-1,1}), is("x^7-x^6+4x^3-2x^2+x")); assertThat("error when pol={1,1,-2,4,0,0,-1,1}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{1,1,-2,4,0,0,-1,1}), is("x^7-x^6+4x^3-2x^2+x+1")); assertThat("error when pol={1,0,0,0,0,0}",Polinomio.convertString(new int[]{1,0,0,0,0,0}), is("1")); } @Test public void randomTests(){ Random rnd = new Random(); Polinomiop po=new Polinomiop(); for(int j=0; j<25; j++){ int[] pol = new int[(int) (rnd.nextDouble() * 10 + 0)]; for(int i=0; i<pol.length; i=i+2) pol[i]=((int) (rnd.nextDouble() * 10 -rnd.nextDouble()*10)); assertEquals("error when pol = "+Arrays.toString(pol), po.convertString(pol), Polinomio.convertString(pol)); } } } class Polinomiop { static String convertString(int[] pol){ String result=""; for(int i = pol.length-1; i>=0; i--) { if (pol[i] == 0){ continue; } if (i == 0) { if (pol[i] < 0) { result += "" + pol[i]; } else { if(result.isEmpty()){ result+=pol[i]; continue; } result += "+" + pol[i]; } continue; } else if (i == pol.length - 1) { if (pol[i] > 0) { if (i == 1){ result += "" + dame(pol[i]) + "x"; continue; } result += "" + dame(pol[i]) + "x^" + i; } else { if (i == 1){ result += dame(pol[i]) + "x"; continue; } result += "" + dame(pol[i]) + "x^" + i; } continue; } if (pol[i] < 0){ if(i==1){ result += dame(pol[i]) + "x"; continue; } result += dame(pol[i]) + "x^" + i; continue; } if(i==1){ result += "+" + dame(pol[i])+ "x"; continue; } if(result.isEmpty()){ result += "" + dame(pol[i])+ "x^" + i; continue; } result += "+" + dame(pol[i])+ "x^" + i; } return result; } private static String dame(int n){ if(n<0){ return n==-1 ? "-":n+""; }else{ return n==1 ? "":n+""; } } }
Code language: Java (java)
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