Regex for Gregorian Date Validation in Python

The challenge

Write a regular expression that validates the gregorian date in the format “DD.MM.YYYY”

Correct date examples:

"23.12.2008" "01.08.1994"
Code language: plaintext (plaintext)

Incorrect examples:

"12.23.2008" "01-Aug-1994" " 01.08.1994"
Code language: plaintext (plaintext)

Notes:

  • maximum length of validator is 400 characters to avoid hardcoding. (shortest solution to date is 170 characters)
  • validator should process leap days (February, 29) correctly.
  • the date is Gregorian, it’s important to determine if year is leap: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregorian_calendar

The solution in Python code

Option 1:

date_validator = ( '(((' '(0[1-9]|1\d|2[0-8])\.(0[1-9]|1[012])|' # 01-28 of any month '(29|30)\.(0[13-9]|1[012])|' # 29-30 of months, except February '(31\.(0[13578]|1[02])))\.' # 31 of long months '([1-9]\d{3}|\d{3}[1-9]))|' # any year, except 0000 '(29\.02\.(' # leap day '\d\d([2468][048]|[13579][26]|0[48])|' # leap years (mod 4) '([2468][048]|[13579][26]|0[48])00' # leap years (mod 400) ')))$' )
Code language: Python (python)

Option 2:

not_0000 = "((?!0+$)\d{4})" not_feb = "(0[13-9]|1[0-2])" div_4 = "([2468][048]|[13579][26]|0[48])" day_31 = "(31\.(0[13578]|1[02]))" day_29_30 = "(29|30)" day_def = "(0[1-9]|1\d|2[0-8])" two_int = "\d{2}" day_29_30_31 = f"({day_31}|{day_29_30}\.{not_feb})\.{not_0000}" day_default = f"{day_def}\.(02|{not_feb})\.{not_0000}" leap_year = f"(29\.02\.({two_int}{div_4}|{div_4}00))" date_validator = f"^({day_29_30_31}|{day_default}|{leap_year})$"
Code language: Python (python)

Option 3:

date_validator = r"^(((0[1-9]|1\d|2[0-8])\.(0[1-9]|1[0-2])|(29|30)\.(0[13-9]|1[0-2])|31\.(0[13578]|1[02]))\.(?!0000)\d{4}$)|29\.02\.(?!0000)(([02468][048]|[13579][26])00|\d{2}(0[48]|[2468][048]|[13579][26]))$"
Code language: Python (python)

Test cases to validate our solution

import re test.assert_equals(bool(re.match(date_validator,'01.01.2009')), True, 'Basic correct date: 01.01.2009') test.assert_equals(bool(re.match(date_validator,'01-Jan-2009')), False, 'Incorrect mask: 01-Jan-2009') test.assert_equals(bool(re.match(date_validator,'05.15.2009')), False, 'Incorrect month: 15.15.2009')
Code language: Python (python)
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