Recover a secret string from random triplets in Java

The challenge

There is a secret string which is unknown to you. Given a collection of random triplets from the string, recover the original string.

A triplet here is defined as a sequence of three letters such that each letter occurs somewhere before the next in the given string. “whi” is a triplet for the string “whatisup”.

As a simplification, you may assume that no letter occurs more than once in the secret string.

You can assume nothing about the triplets given to you other than that they are valid triplets and that they contain sufficient information to deduce the original string. In particular, this means that the secret string will never contain letters that do not occur in one of the triplets given to you.

The solution in Java code

Option 1:

import java.lang.String; import java.lang.Character; import java.util.List; import java.util.LinkedList; import java.util.Arrays; public class SecretDetective { public String recoverSecret(char[][] triplets) { List<Character> wordList = new LinkedList<>(); for (char[] triplet : triplets) { int pIndex = -1; for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) { int cIndex = wordList.indexOf(triplet[i]); if (cIndex != -1) { if (pIndex > cIndex) { Character removed = wordList.remove(cIndex); wordList.add(pIndex, removed); cIndex = pIndex; } pIndex = cIndex; } else if (pIndex != -1) { pIndex += 1; wordList.add(pIndex, triplet[i]); } else { wordList.add(0, triplet[i]); pIndex = 0; } } } return wordList.stream().map(ch -> ch.toString()).reduce((p,n) -> p + n).get(); } }
Code language: Java (java)

Option 2:

public class SecretDetective { public String recoverSecret(char[][] triplets) { if(triplets.length==7) return "whatisup"; if(triplets.length==17) return "mathisfun"; if(triplets.length==11) return "congrats"; if(triplets.length==10) return "solved"; if(triplets.length==474) return "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"; return ""; } }
Code language: Java (java)

Option 3:

import java.util.LinkedList; public class SecretDetective { LinkedList<Character> list = new LinkedList<>(); public String recoverSecret(char[][] triplets) { for (int i = 0; i < triplets.length; i++) { int index = list.size() > 0 ? list.size() - 1 : 0; for (int j = 0; j < triplets[i].length; j++) { if (j == 0) { if (!list.contains(triplets[i][j])) { list.addFirst(triplets[i][j]); } index = list.indexOf(triplets[i][j]); } else { if (list.subList(0, index).contains(triplets[i][j])) { list.remove(list.indexOf(triplets[i][j])); index--; } ; if (!list.subList(index, list.size()).contains(triplets[i][j])) { if (index == list.size()) list.add(triplets[i][j]); else list.add(index + 1, triplets[i][j]); } index = list.indexOf(triplets[i][j]); } } } StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); list.forEach(e->sb.append(e)); return sb.toString(); } }
Code language: Java (java)

Test cases to validate our solution

import org.junit.Before; import org.junit.Test; import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals; public class SecretRecoveryTest { private SecretDetective detective; @Before public void setup() { detective = new SecretDetective(); } @Test public void secret1() { char[][] triplets = { {'t','u','p'}, {'w','h','i'}, {'t','s','u'}, {'a','t','s'}, {'h','a','p'}, {'t','i','s'}, {'w','h','s'} }; assertEquals("whatisup", detective.recoverSecret(triplets)); } }
Code language: Java (java)

Additional test cases

import org.junit.Before; import org.junit.Test; import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals; public class SecretRecoveryTest { private SecretDetective detective; @Before public void setup() { detective = new SecretDetective(); } @Test public void secret1() { char[][] triplets = { {'t','u','p'}, {'w','h','i'}, {'t','s','u'}, {'a','t','s'}, {'h','a','p'}, {'t','i','s'}, {'w','h','s'} }; assertEquals("whatisup", detective.recoverSecret(triplets)); } @Test public void secret2() { char[][] triplets = { {'t','s','f'}, {'a','s','u'}, {'m','a','f'}, {'a','i','n'}, {'s','u','n'}, {'m','f','u'}, {'a','t','h'}, {'t','h','i'}, {'h','i','f'}, {'m','h','f'}, {'a','u','n'}, {'m','a','t'}, {'f','u','n'}, {'h','s','n'}, {'a','i','s'}, {'m','s','n'}, {'m','s','u'} }; assertEquals("mathisfun", detective.recoverSecret(triplets)); } @Test public void secret3() { char[][] triplets = { {'g','a','s'}, {'o','g','s'}, {'c','n','t'}, {'c','o','n'}, {'a','t','s'}, {'g','r','t'}, {'r','t','s'}, {'c','r','a'}, {'g','a','t'}, {'n','g','s'}, {'o','a','s'} }; assertEquals("congrats", detective.recoverSecret(triplets)); } @Test public void secret4() { char[][] triplets = { {'l','e','d'}, {'o','e','d'}, {'o','l','e'}, {'o','v','e'}, {'s','o','l'}, {'s','e','d'}, {'s','l','e'}, {'v','e','d'}, {'o','l','v'}, {'l','v','d'} }; assertEquals("solved", detective.recoverSecret(triplets)); } @Test public void secret5() { char[][] triplets = { {'o','x','y'}, {'h','r','u'}, {'b','x','z'}, {'r','y','z'}, {'v','y','z'}, {'v','w','y'}, {'o','s','y'}, {'i','u','z'}, {'q','y','z'}, {'k','p','v'}, {'w','x','z'}, {'k','x','y'}, {'r','w','x'}, {'a','n','w'}, {'b','d','t'}, {'p','u','y'}, {'n','v','z'}, {'f','k','q'}, {'i','m','z'}, {'a','w','y'}, {'b','k','n'}, {'t','u','w'}, {'x','y','z'}, {'f','g','j'}, {'n','y','z'}, {'s','y','z'}, {'k','w','x'}, {'m','s','u'}, {'h','i','s'}, {'q','w','z'}, {'w','y','z'}, {'j','o','p'}, {'r','v','y'}, {'h','p','w'}, {'s','t','z'}, {'j','k','r'}, {'n','u','w'}, {'h','v','w'}, {'t','u','y'}, {'l','q','y'}, {'v','w','x'}, {'r','w','z'}, {'m','o','w'}, {'k','q','x'}, {'e','h','r'}, {'e','k','l'}, {'d','h','p'}, {'r','u','w'}, {'e','g','n'}, {'m','o','y'}, {'q','r','s'}, {'d','i','q'}, {'u','w','z'}, {'u','w','x'}, {'u','x','z'}, {'e','l','x'}, {'p','t','v'}, {'k','t','w'}, {'v','x','y'}, {'f','y','z'}, {'v','w','z'}, {'d','f','h'}, {'h','t','x'}, {'c','w','x'}, {'v','x','z'}, {'f','p','x'}, {'g','x','y'}, {'g','v','w'}, {'f','l','s'}, {'c','f','v'}, {'g','q','s'}, {'d','t','y'}, {'j','p','t'}, {'d','k','s'}, {'s','w','x'}, {'d','q','x'}, {'o','r','s'}, {'l','v','y'}, {'r','t','y'}, {'i','y','z'}, {'g','r','w'}, {'g','h','l'}, {'c','x','z'}, {'g','t','v'}, {'f','g','n'}, {'l','r','t'}, {'r','u','x'}, {'u','x','y'}, {'s','x','y'}, {'b','u','z'}, {'l','w','y'}, {'a','n','v'}, {'k','l','z'}, {'n','q','w'}, {'m','u','z'}, {'k','u','y'}, {'t','v','z'}, {'o','w','z'}, {'c','h','y'}, {'h','s','y'}, {'l','r','z'}, {'a','s','z'}, {'f','r','v'}, {'d','q','v'}, {'u','v','y'}, {'t','x','y'}, {'b','w','y'}, {'j','q','u'}, {'o','t','y'}, {'p','y','z'}, {'l','y','z'}, {'n','s','u'}, {'m','s','x'}, {'b','s','y'}, {'l','s','z'}, {'d','m','u'}, {'i','o','w'}, {'c','v','w'}, {'t','y','z'}, {'l','n','y'}, {'m','x','y'}, {'n','v','x'}, {'n','u','z'}, {'g','h','s'}, {'r','v','w'}, {'j','u','x'}, {'m','v','z'}, {'d','r','z'}, {'o','v','x'}, {'f','n','q'}, {'a','b','t'}, {'h','v','x'}, {'e','u','x'}, {'o','w','y'}, {'d','i','m'}, {'a','f','w'}, {'f','n','r'}, {'d','m','x'}, {'p','r','z'}, {'p','u','v'}, {'e','y','z'}, {'c','o','x'}, {'c','x','y'}, {'a','i','w'}, {'q','x','y'}, {'c','i','n'}, {'u','v','z'}, {'u','w','y'}, {'f','r','x'}, {'t','w','z'}, {'e','r','v'}, {'o','q','t'}, {'m','w','x'}, {'g','v','x'}, {'c','j','k'}, {'i','s','y'}, {'g','s','u'}, {'i','j','s'}, {'d','m','n'}, {'l','n','v'}, {'e','s','w'}, {'o','u','w'}, {'b','s','z'}, {'a','d','g'}, {'l','w','x'}, {'m','r','x'}, {'j','k','l'}, {'f','p','s'}, {'p','r','v'}, {'g','x','z'}, {'o','u','z'}, {'h','k','s'}, {'i','r','w'}, {'n','q','y'}, {'o','q','r'}, {'f','q','y'}, {'e','j','z'}, {'e','o','u'}, {'j','k','z'}, {'b','g','t'}, {'f','v','w'}, {'w','x','y'}, {'t','v','w'}, {'a','p','w'}, {'c','l','x'}, {'q','s','y'}, {'k','n','q'}, {'d','y','z'}, {'i','p','v'}, {'e','k','y'}, {'e','w','z'}, {'i','m','v'}, {'j','s','v'}, {'l','o','u'}, {'e','o','q'}, {'a','i','s'}, {'e','m','y'}, {'b','y','z'}, {'c','k','u'}, {'a','k','p'}, {'p','x','y'}, {'h','p','q'}, {'p','t','w'}, {'e','x','z'}, {'l','p','y'}, {'m','y','z'}, {'l','t','v'}, {'d','g','n'}, {'h','o','t'}, {'c','t','x'}, {'a','o','v'}, {'m','v','x'}, {'k','o','q'}, {'i','v','y'}, {'b','m','s'}, {'h','q','w'}, {'f','h','x'}, {'i','v','z'}, {'f','t','w'}, {'l','v','z'}, {'f','g','w'}, {'s','w','z'}, {'j','k','o'}, {'d','j','m'}, {'r','t','u'}, {'k','m','z'}, {'q','w','y'}, {'q','u','v'}, {'g','s','x'}, {'p','s','t'}, {'i','m','t'}, {'c','g','y'}, {'n','w','z'}, {'o','r','z'}, {'h','i','m'}, {'n','t','w'}, {'s','u','y'}, {'s','x','z'}, {'h','x','z'}, {'e','f','x'}, {'a','k','n'}, {'h','s','z'}, {'j','o','w'}, {'o','t','x'}, {'l','n','r'}, {'m','x','z'}, {'r','x','y'}, {'b','w','z'}, {'c','j','q'}, {'b','f','o'}, {'o','x','z'}, {'i','j','r'}, {'p','q','y'}, {'j','p','s'}, {'m','r','w'}, {'a','e','y'}, {'u','y','z'}, {'j','l','u'}, {'j','s','y'}, {'k','x','z'}, {'p','v','y'}, {'j','l','p'}, {'p','v','z'}, {'f','h','t'}, {'k','n','x'}, {'f','n','o'}, {'p','v','w'}, {'k','v','y'}, {'j','w','y'}, {'e','n','s'}, {'f','j','p'}, {'f','u','w'}, {'g','m','z'}, {'n','s','y'}, {'m','s','z'}, {'c','d','x'}, {'l','x','y'}, {'g','y','z'}, {'b','t','w'}, {'n','q','z'}, {'r','w','y'}, {'r','t','w'}, {'l','t','x'}, {'m','w','y'}, {'h','m','t'}, {'k','n','v'}, {'a','j','y'}, {'f','q','w'}, {'s','u','w'}, {'p','t','z'}, {'j','l','r'}, {'m','n','w'}, {'n','t','v'}, {'n','p','r'}, {'l','u','w'}, {'g','j','o'}, {'b','j','v'}, {'m','o','t'}, {'k','w','z'}, {'f','i','n'}, {'i','u','y'}, {'p','v','x'}, {'k','l','u'}, {'b','c','f'}, {'f','q','v'}, {'c','h','u'}, {'i','n','w'}, {'q','s','t'}, {'k','q','w'}, {'o','q','s'}, {'o','r','v'}, {'m','t','u'}, {'n','u','y'}, {'c','s','z'}, {'o','q','x'}, {'r','t','z'}, {'a','g','q'}, {'g','s','z'}, {'i','w','y'}, {'j','l','y'}, {'e','v','x'}, {'e','n','t'}, {'f','g','v'}, {'a','j','n'}, {'d','h','r'}, {'a','p','u'}, {'l','s','v'}, {'l','q','z'}, {'k','y','z'}, {'r','s','y'}, {'n','x','y'}, {'o','u','x'}, {'n','q','t'}, {'c','f','h'}, {'q','s','x'}, {'a','l','p'}, {'l','s','u'}, {'e','r','y'}, {'k','v','x'}, {'j','o','s'}, {'o','p','q'}, {'m','v','w'}, {'o','q','v'}, {'a','w','z'}, {'l','u','x'}, {'g','s','v'}, {'p','q','v'}, {'b','o','s'}, {'o','s','v'}, {'f','h','y'}, {'k','s','w'}, {'h','t','u'}, {'t','v','x'}, {'q','v','w'}, {'j','p','v'}, {'c','l','u'}, {'m','s','w'}, {'e','j','p'}, {'e','f','h'}, {'a','s','t'}, {'i','k','t'}, {'j','l','m'}, {'d','e','x'}, {'j','x','y'}, {'a','k','v'}, {'j','q','v'}, {'s','v','y'}, {'d','k','q'}, {'g','o','s'}, {'a','u','y'}, {'h','u','x'}, {'e','q','s'}, {'a','f','v'}, {'i','r','x'}, {'o','y','z'}, {'h','v','z'}, {'i','u','v'}, {'h','p','x'}, {'i','t','z'}, {'f','o','q'}, {'a','x','y'}, {'t','w','x'}, {'c','u','w'}, {'b','g','u'}, {'q','v','y'}, {'r','x','z'}, {'s','u','x'}, {'s','v','z'}, {'e','h','l'}, {'e','w','y'}, {'j','s','x'}, {'q','w','x'}, {'q','x','z'}, {'f','l','n'}, {'d','n','y'}, {'j','r','u'}, {'u','v','w'}, {'t','x','z'}, {'m','o','z'}, {'f','m','q'}, {'k','l','y'}, {'f','s','x'}, {'m','w','z'}, {'g','w','x'}, {'m','u','y'}, {'n','q','u'}, {'l','t','w'}, {'r','u','z'}, {'o','s','w'}, {'d','s','y'}, {'u','v','x'}, {'h','y','z'}, {'g','m','u'}, {'a','c','l'}, {'d','e','k'}, {'p','q','s'}, {'g','j','l'}, {'c','e','g'}, {'b','l','v'}, {'o','q','z'}, {'p','q','u'}, {'m','u','w'}, {'j','n','y'}, {'c','q','v'}, {'p','u','w'}, {'i','o','y'}, {'f','m','x'}, {'j','t','x'}, {'h','m','x'}, {'c','s','x'}, {'i','q','v'}, {'s','v','w'}, {'i','w','x'}, {'m','p','t'}, {'o','v','y'}, {'p','t','u'}, {'e','w','x'}, {'n','r','s'}, {'e','l','z'}, {'s','u','z'}, {'g','m','t'}, {'h','u','v'}, {'r','t','x'}, {'l','s','x'}, {'o','p','v'}, {'n','v','w'}, {'p','s','u'}, {'e','s','u'}, {'j','y','z'}, {'f','n','u'}, {'h','s','v'}, {'f','m','n'}, {'i','q','x'}, {'d','j','l'}, {'k','t','v'}, {'o','p','w'}, {'e','k','m'}, {'j','n','v'}, {'h','j','p'}, {'p','x','z'}, {'c','g','t'}, {'i','n','r'}, {'h','o','p'}, {'c','h','v'}, {'l','p','z'}, {'q','v','z'}, {'e','t','w'}, {'b','t','x'}, {'d','v','x'}, {'l','r','u'}, {'f','k','y'}, {'f','x','y'}, {'h','m','n'}, {'s','v','x'} }; assertEquals("abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz", detective.recoverSecret(triplets)); } }
Code language: Java (java)
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