Maximum Different of Int-Array in Java

The challenge

You must implement a function that returns the difference between the biggest and the smallest value in a list(lst) received as a parameter.

The list(lst) contains integers, which means it may contain some negative numbers.

If the list is empty or contains a single element, return 0.

The list(lst) is not sorted.

maxDiff([1, 2, 3, 4]); // return 3, because 4 - 1 == 3 maxDiff([1, 2, 3, -4]); // return 7, because 3 - (-4) == 7
Code language: Java (java)

The solution in Java code

Option 1:

public class Solution { public static int maxDiff(int[] lst) { if (lst.length<2) return 0; java.util.Arrays.sort(lst); return lst[lst.length-1] - lst[0]; } }
Code language: Java (java)

Option 2:

import java.util.Arrays; public class Solution { public static int maxDiff(int[] lst) { return lst.length == 0 ? 0 : Arrays.stream(lst).max().getAsInt() - Arrays.stream(lst).min().getAsInt(); } }
Code language: Java (java)

Option 3:

import static java.util.stream.IntStream.of; class Solution { static int maxDiff(int[] lst) { if (lst.length < 2) return 0; var stats = of(lst).summaryStatistics(); return stats.getMax() - stats.getMin(); } }
Code language: Java (java)

Test cases to validate our solution

import org.junit.Test; import static org.junit.Assert.*; import org.junit.runners.JUnit4; public class MaxDiffTest { @Test public void BasicTests() { assertEquals("only positives", 4, Solution.maxDiff(new int[]{ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 4 })); assertEquals("only negatives", 30, Solution.maxDiff(new int[]{ -4, -5, -3, -1, -31 })); assertEquals("positives and negatives", 10, Solution.maxDiff(new int[]{ 1, 2, 3, 4, -5, 5, 4 })); assertEquals("single element", 0, Solution.maxDiff(new int[]{ 1000000 })); assertEquals("empty", 0, Solution.maxDiff(new int[]{})); } }
Code language: Java (java)
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