The challenge

Write a function that takes an array of numbers (integers for the tests) and a target number. It should find two different items in the array that, when added together, give the target value. The indices of these items should then be returned in a tuple like so: (index1, index2).

For the purposes of this challenge, some tests may have multiple answers; any valid solutions will be accepted.

The input will always be valid (numbers will be an array of length 2 or greater, and all of the items will be numbers; the target will always be the sum of two different items from that array).

twoSum [1, 2, 3] 4 === (0, 2)

The solution in Java code

Option 1:

public class Solution {
    public static int[] twoSum(int[] numbers, int target) {
        for (int i=0; i<numbers.length; i++)
            for (int j=0; j<numbers.length; j++)
                if (i!=j && (numbers[i]+numbers[j]==target)) return new int[] {i, j};
      
        return new int[] {0,0};
    }
}

Option 2:

import java.util.Arrays;
public class Solution {
    public static int[] twoSum(int[] numbers, int target) {
        Arrays.sort(numbers);
        int j = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < numbers.length; i++) {
            j = Arrays.binarySearch(numbers, i, numbers.length, target-numbers[i]);
            if (j > -1) return new int[] {i, j};
        }
        return null;
    }
}

Option 3:

import java.util.*; 
public class Solution {
    public static int[] twoSum(int[] numbers, int target) {
        Map seenValues = new HashMap();         
        for (int i = 0; i < numbers.length; i++) {
          if (seenValues.containsKey(target - numbers[i]))
            return new int[]{(int)seenValues.get(target - numbers[i]), i};
          seenValues.put(numbers[i], i);
        }
        return null;
    }
}

Test cases to validate our solution

import org.junit.Test;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertNotNull;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
import org.junit.runners.JUnit4;

public class TwoSumTest {
    @Test
    public void basicTests() {
        doTest(new int[]{1,2,3},          new int[]{0,2});
        doTest(new int[]{1234,5678,9012}, new int[]{1,2});
        doTest(new int[]{2,2,3},          new int[]{0,1});
    }
    private void doTest(int[] numbers, int[] expected) {
        int target = numbers[expected[0]] + numbers[expected[1]];
        int[] actual = Solution.twoSum(numbers, target);
        if ( null == actual ) {
            System.out.format("Received a null\n");
            assertNotNull(actual);
        }
        if ( actual.length != 2 ) {
            System.out.format("Received an array that's not of length 2\n");
            assertTrue(false);
        }
        int received = numbers[actual[0]] + numbers[actual[1]];
        assertEquals(target, received);
    }
}