If you need to replace all newline characters with a comma, or perhaps some other delimiter, then using the build-in
tr utility will work very well for you.
Possible use-cases for this is if you need to transport a configuration file with multiple lines into a single input field, or store the file’s contents within an environment variable.
My personal use-case was to store an
~/.aws/credentials file in an environment variable.
Your solution using tr
Code language: Bash (bash)
tr '\n' ',' < input.txt > output.txt
How this works
tr is branded as a
translate or delete characters command-line tool.
The first argument is the string to find, while the second is the string to replace with.
< indicates the input file ingested into
tr, while the
> indicates where the output will be piped to.
In our example above, we take an
input.txt file, apply a
, conversion, then push the result to an
output.txt file does not exist, it will create it.