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How to Bounce Balls in C

The challenge

A child is playing with a ball on the nth floor of a tall building. The height of this floor, h, is known.

He drops the ball out of the window. The ball bounces (for example), to two-thirds of its height (a bounce of 0.66).

His mother looks out of a window 1.5 meters from the ground.

How many times will the mother see the ball pass in front of her window (including when it’s falling and bouncing?

Three conditions must be met for a valid experiment:

  • Float parameter “h” in meters must be greater than 0
  • Float parameter “bounce” must be greater than 0 and less than 1
  • Float parameter “window” must be less than h.

If all three conditions above are fulfilled, return a positive integer, otherwise return -1.

Note:

The ball can only be seen if the height of the rebounding ball is strictly greater than the window parameter.

Examples:

- h = 3, bounce = 0.66, window = 1.5, result is 3 - h = 3, bounce = 1, window = 1.5, result is -1 (Condition 2) not fulfilled).
Code language: plaintext (plaintext)

The solution in C

Option 1:

#include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> int bouncingBall(double h, double bounce, double window) { if ((h <= ) || (window >= h) || (bounce <= ) || (bounce >= 1)) return -1; int seen = -1; while (h > window) { seen += 2; h = h * bounce; } return seen; }
Code language: C++ (cpp)

Option 2:

#include <math.h> int bouncingBall(double h, double bounce, double window) { if (h <= || bounce <= || bounce >= 1 || window >= h) { return -1; } return 2*ceil(log(window/h)/log(bounce)) - 1; }
Code language: C++ (cpp)

Option 3:

int bouncingBall(double h, double bounce, double window) { if(!(h> && bounce> && bounce<1 && window<h)) return -1; int times=1; double k; for(k=h*bounce; k>window; k*=bounce) times+=2; return times; }
Code language: C++ (cpp)

Test cases to validate our solution

#include <stdlib.h> #include <time.h> #include <criterion/criterion.h> extern int bouncingBall (double h, double bounce, double window); static void testequal(double h, double bounce, double window, int expected) { int actual = bouncingBall(h, bounce, window); cr_assert_eq(actual, expected, "for h = %f, bounce = %f, window = %f\n" "expected %d, but got %d", h, bounce, window, expected, actual ); } static int solution (double h, double bounce, double window) { if ((h <= ) || (window >= h) || (bounce <= ) || (bounce >= 1)) return -1; int seen = -1; while (h > window) { seen += 2; h = h * bounce; } return seen; } static int randomGen(int a, int b){ int r = rand(); return r % (b - a) + a; } Test(bouncingBall, randomTests) { srand(time(NULL)); enum {N = 30}; const double someheights[N] = { 12, 10.5, 144, 233, 15.25, 61, 98, 15.9, 25.8, 41.8, 67, 109, 17, 28, 46, 7.5, 12.20, 19, 3, 5, 83, 13, 21, 35.5, 57, 92, 14, 24, 39, 6.5 }; const double someBounces[N] = { 0.6, 0.6, 0.6, 0.6, 0.6, 1.1, 9, 1, 0.6, 0.6, 0.6, 0.75, 0.75, 0.75, 0.75, 0.75, 12.20, 0.75, 0.75, 0.83, 0.13, 0.21, 0.35, 0.57, 0.9, 0.14, 0.24, 0.39, 0.65, 0.65 }; const double somewin[N] = { 1.5, 1.5, 1.44, 2.33, 1, 6.1, 9.8, 1.9, 2.8, 4.8, 3, 1.09, 1.7, 2.8, 46, 7.5, 12.20, 1.9, 3, 5, 0.83, 1.3, 2.1, 3.5, 0.57, 0.92, 1.4, 2.4, 3.9, 6.5 }; for (int k = ; k < 100; k++) { int i = randomGen(, N - 1); double h = someheights[i]; double b = someBounces[i]; double w = somewin[i]; testequal(h, b, w, solution(h, b, w)); } } Test(bouncingBall, sampleTests) { testequal(2, 0.5, 1.0, 1); testequal(3, 0.66, 1.5, 3); testequal(30, 0.66, 1.5, 15); testequal(30, 0.75, 1.5, 21); testequal(30, 0.4, 10, 3); testequal(40, 0.4, 10, 3); testequal(10, 0.6, 10, -1); testequal(40, 1, 10, -1); testequal(-5, 0.66, 1.5, -1); testequal(5, -1, 1.5, -1); testequal(4, 0.25, 1.0, 1); }
Code language: C++ (cpp)

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