The challenge

Given a list lst and a number N, create a new list that contains each number of lst at most N times without reordering. For example if N = 2, and the input is [1,2,3,1,2,1,2,3], you take [1,2,3,1,2], drop the next [1,2] since this would lead to 1 and 2 being in the result 3 times, and then take 3, which leads to [1,2,3,1,2,3].

Examples

// return [20,37,21]
EnoughIsEnough.deleteNth(new int[] {20,37,20,21}, 1)

// return [1, 1, 3, 3, 7, 2, 2, 2]
EnoughIsEnough.deleteNth(new int[] {1,1,3,3,7,2,2,2,2}, 3)

The solution in Java code

Option 1:

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.HashMap;

public class EnoughIsEnough {
  public static int[] deleteNth(int[] elements, int maxOcurrences) {
    HashMap<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<>();
    return Arrays.stream(elements)
      .filter(i -> {
          map.merge(i, 1, Integer::sum);
          return map.get(i) <= maxOcurrences;
        })
      .toArray();
  }
}

Option 2:

import java.util.*;

public class EnoughIsEnough {
  public static int[] deleteNth(int[] elements, int maxOcurrences) {
    if (elements == null || elements.length == 0) return new int[0];
        Map<Integer, Integer> numberCount = new HashMap<>();
        List<Integer> filteredList = new ArrayList<>();
        for (Integer aNumber : elements) {
            if (numberCount.containsKey(aNumber))
                numberCount.put(aNumber, numberCount.get(aNumber)+1);
            else numberCount.put(aNumber, 1);
            if (numberCount.get(aNumber) <= maxOcurrences)
                filteredList.add(aNumber);
        }
        return filteredList.stream().mapToInt(Integer::valueOf).toArray();
  }
}

Option 3:

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.stream.IntStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class EnoughIsEnough {
    public static int[] deleteNth(int[] ar, int max) {
        List<Integer> list = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int n : ar)
            if (Collections.frequency(list, n) < max) list.add(n);
        return list.stream().mapToInt(Integer::intValue).toArray();
    }
}

Test cases to validate our solution

import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.*;

class EnoughIsEnoughTest {
    @Test
    public void deleteNth() throws Exception {
        assertArrayEquals(
            new int[] { 20, 37, 21 },
            EnoughIsEnough.deleteNth( new int[] { 20, 37, 20, 21 }, 1 )
        );
        assertArrayEquals(
            new int[] { 1, 1, 3, 3, 7, 2, 2, 2 },
            EnoughIsEnough.deleteNth( new int[] { 1, 1, 3, 3, 7, 2, 2, 2, 2 }, 3 )
        );
        assertArrayEquals(
            new int[] { 1, 2, 3, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5 },
            EnoughIsEnough.deleteNth( new int[] { 1, 2, 3, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 4, 5, 3, 1 }, 3 )
        );
        assertArrayEquals(
            new int[] { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 },
            EnoughIsEnough.deleteNth( new int[] { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 }, 5 )
        );
        assertArrayEquals(
            new int[] { },
            EnoughIsEnough.deleteNth( new int[] { }, 5 )
        );
    }
}